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Spermatogenesis. 2013 Jul 1;3(3):e26391. Epub 2013 Sep 13.

Ginseng and male reproductive function.

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1
School of Biological Sciences; University of Hong Kong; Hong Kong, PR China.

Abstract

Ginseng is often referred to as the King of all herbs, and is found to be a promising agent to improve general well-being. Ginseng has also been reputed as an aphrodisiac, and is used to treat sexual dysfunction as well as to enhance sexual behavior in traditional Chinese medical practices. Data from animal studies have shown a positive correlation among ginseng, libido, and copulatory performances, and these effects have been confirmed in case-control studies in human. In addition, ginseng is found to improve the sperm quality and count of healthy individuals as well as patients with treatment-related infertility. These actions are mostly attributed to ginsenosides, the major pharmacological active components of ginseng. This review compiles the current knowledge about the multifaceted effects of ginseng on male reproductive function, and also focuses on its mechanisms of action that may represent novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of male reproductive diseases or disorders.

KEYWORDS:

ginseng; ginsenosides; sexual behavior; sperm; spermatogenesis; steroid receptor

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